With the advent of engineering, better and more sophisticated tools have been made available to specialist surgeons and general practitioners who assist them in much better diagnostic ability. These instruments relate to all form of medical procedures ranging from the improvised forceps to mission-critical cardiac surgeries.
These instruments are generally classified under broad categories as follows:
With time, the material used to forge these instruments has also seen a significant shift. From using raw iron a few hundred years ago, today’s instruments are made from compounds such as tungsten carbide, titanium, and even diamond. Stainless Steel still remains the popular choice. Each of these materials has their own benefits – non-rusting of stainless steel, 2x strength of tungsten carbide and 40% less weight in case of titanium.
Various manufacturers are present nowadays who make quality medical instruments. Karl Storz, Harvard Apparatus, AliMed, and Sklar are some such OEMs. All the manufacturers make products which are aimed towards both general use and specific procedures. Most of such instruments are aimed towards microsurgeries, ophthalmology and ENT procedures.
ENT surgical instruments specifically use devices with are aimed towards corrective procedures for ear, eyes, and throat – areas which are difficult by virtue of their reach. Laryngoscopes, Cannula, specialized viewing scopes all fell under this category and required special attention towards their precise shape and size.
The price for such instruments generally is guided by the complexity of the underlying surgery they will be used in. With instruments such as a cannula which cost just a few dollars, medical instrument price can go up to as high as several thousand dollars for high powered laryngoscopes. Even for the same type of instrument, prices can differ significantly from manufacturer to manufacturer depending on the quality of the material used, its reusability and the brand premium of the manufacturer.